Remembering the Passover & Exodus: a selection of passages & meditations
"But Pharaoh said, 'Who is the LORD, that I should heed his voice and let Israel go?'"

Scripture: Exodus 5:1 - 6:1
1 Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, `Let my people go, that they may hold a feast to me in the wilderness.'" 2 But Pharaoh said, "Who is the LORD, that I should heed his voice and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD, and moreover I will not let Israel go." 3 Then they said, "The God of the Hebrews has met with us; let us go, we pray, a three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, lest he fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword." 4 But the king of Egypt said to them, "Moses and Aaron, why do you take the people away from their work? Get to your burdens." 5 And Pharaoh said, "Behold, the people of the land are now many and you make them rest from their burdens!" 6 The same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people and their foremen, 7 "You shall no longer give the people straw to make bricks, as heretofore; let them go and gather straw for themselves. 8 But the number of bricks which they made heretofore you shall lay upon them, you shall by no means lessen it; for they are idle; therefore they cry, `Let us go and offer sacrifice to our God.' 9 Let heavier work be laid upon the men that they may labor at it and pay no regard to lying words."

10 So the taskmasters and the foremen of the people went out and said to the people, "Thus says Pharaoh, `I will not give you straw. 11 Go yourselves, get your straw wherever you can find it; but your work will not be lessened in the least.'" 12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt, to gather stubble for straw. 13 The taskmasters were urgent, saying, "Complete your work, your daily task, as when there was straw." 14 And the foremen of the people of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and were asked, "Why have you not done all your task of making bricks today, as hitherto?"

15 Then the foremen of the people of Israel came and cried to Pharaoh, "Why do you deal thus with your servants? 16 No straw is given to your servants, yet they say to us, `Make bricks!' And behold, your servants are beaten; but the fault is in your own people." 17 But he said, "You are idle, you are idle; therefore you say, `Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.' 18 Go now, and work; for no straw shall be given you, yet you shall deliver the same number of bricks." 19 The foremen of the people of Israel saw that they were in evil plight, when they said, "You shall by no means lessen your daily number of bricks." 20 They met Moses and Aaron, who were waiting for them, as they came forth from Pharaoh; 21 and they said to them, "The LORD look upon you and judge, because you have made us offensive in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants, and have put a sword in their hand to kill us."

22 Then Moses turned again to the LORD and said, "O LORD, why hast thou done evil to this people? Why didst thou ever send me? 23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he has done evil to this people, and thou hast not delivered thy people at all." 1 But the LORD said to Moses, "Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh; for with a strong hand he will send them out, yea, with a strong hand he will drive them out of his land."

Meditation: When Moses makes his request to Pharoah he is sternly rebuffed. Pharoah despised the Hebrews and was ill-disposed to their request. He feared losing his slaves, so he treated the Hebrews more harshly than before. They blamed Moses for their troubles, saying, "You have made us offensive in the sight of Pharoah and his servants, and have put a sword in their hand to kill us." When others cross you and cause you difficulty, how do you respond? With fear, irritation and anger, or with patience and hope in God?

Pharoah's response to Moses reveals the heart of the true enemy of God's people--Satan, the rebel prince of angels who said, "I will not serve!" Pharoah is a symbol or type of Satan, the prince of this world and the ruler of dominion of darkness. God's action to redeem his people provokes spiritual resistance (see Ephesians 6:12). (As another example, Herod is also a type of Satan who opposes God's messengers and the Messiah: see Matthew 2:12-15.)

Rebuffed by Pharoah and rejected by his own people, Moses could have easily given into despair and quit. God answers his complaint with a firm assurance that the mission will succeed. Moses chose to trust God and to walk in faith. Satan tempts us to give up or to put our trust in something else besides him. When you encoutner spiritual opposition and difficulty in serving God, do you give way to weariness, sluggishness,despondency, and the temptation to quit?

"Lord Jesus Christ, you met opposition and even rejection by your own people with faith and hope in your Father's promises and with love for your enemies. Help me to meet opposition and rejection with faith and hope in your promises and with love for those who cause me ill."


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(c) 1999, 2001, 2002 Don Schwager