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Capernaum - Jesus' favorite town
"And immediately he left the synagogue, and entered the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John." (Mark 1:29) 

During his public ministry Jesus considered Capernaum his adopted home town (Matt. 9:1). This is where he most often gathered his disciples.  He preached in the synagogue there and healed a man with a withered hand (Mark 3:1-6). There he  met the centurion who asked him to heal his servant (Luke 7:5). Jesus also healed Peter's mother-in-law here. The remains of Peter's house can still be seen today. A late 4th century synagogue was built on the foundation of the first century synagogue where Jesus preached. Matthew says that most of Jesus' miracles were performed at Capernaum, Korazin, and Bethsaida (Matt. 11:20).
 

[Greek Orthodox monastery at Capernaum on right]
| Sea of Galilee | Bay of Parables | Bethsaida | Capernaum | Tagbha | Eremos | Jordan River | Kursi | Nazareth |
Capernaum was a frontier town built on the northern shore of Galilee. In Jesus' time some 1,000 to 1,500 people lived there. A garrison of soldiers under the supervision of a centurion were stationed there.  Taxes were collected here, especially dues for the fish caught in the sea.  The custom house of Matthew the tax collector was in this town. Jesus made Capernaum his center while in Galilee (Mark 2:1). He likely stayed with Peter and his family who lived here. It was here that he set out on his travels and here he returned.  Jesus and his disciples went to the synagogue.  There Jesus revealed himself as the bread of life. 

details of late 4th century synagogue freize

Remains of late 4th century synagogue

Remains of Peter's house and ancient church near the synagogue 

 
 
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(c) 2001 Don Schwager